Born: Sunday, December 29, 1850 in Salamanca, Spain
Died: Sunday, December 2, 1923 in Madrid, Spain
Nation of Origin: Spain
As a child, Bretón played violin in cafes. He studied music at the Madrid Conservatory with Emilio Arrieta, and he won the prize for composition in 1874. He also studied in Paris, Rome, and Vienna. He became the conductor of the Madrid Opera then in 1901 he became professor of composition at the Madrid Conservatory. In 1903 he was appointed its director. He was a champion of the Zarzuela, a Spanish operatic form. He was a strong influence for modernization of the musical life of Spain. His harmonic language was advanced for the time, particularly in his chamber works.
Essay contributed by:
Steven G. Estrella
Blume, Friedrich, with Norton, M. D. (Translator) and Norton, Herter (Translator), Classic and Romantic Music; A Comprehensive Survey, W. W. Norton & Company, November 1970, ISBN: 0393098680
Einstein, Alfred. Music in the Romantic Era, W. W. Norton & Company, December 1947, ISBN: 0393097331
Rosen, Charles, The Romantic Generation, W. W. Norton & Company, April 1995, ISBN: 0674779347
Slonimsky, Nicolas and Kuhn, Laura; Editors, Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, Gale Group, December 2000, ISBN: 0028655257
Sadie, Stanley and Tyrrell, John; Editors, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Groves Dictionaries, Inc., January 2004, ISBN: 0195170679
Rutherford-Johnson, Tim, Kennedy, Michael, and Kennedy, Joyce The Oxford Dictionary of Music, Oxford University Press, 6th Edition, 2012, ISBN: 0199578109
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The Romantic Generation
by Charles Rosen
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